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Regional Development Victoria

Victoria's Horticulture Industries

Canola crop
Victoria has a diverse range of world renowned horticultural industries, growing fruits and nuts, vegetables, grains and grapes.

Fruits and nuts

Victoria’s fruit and nut industries are diverse, with a wide geographical spread and a range of products.

Victoria’s main fruit groups are pome fruit (apples and pears), stone fruit (peaches, apricots, cherries and nectarines), berry fruit, citrus (oranges and mandarins) and nuts (almonds and walnuts).

Most of Victoria’s fruit production is consumed domestically. However, there is a strong export focus especially in the citrus, stone fruit and nut industries.

Production systems are dependent on the type of product being grown and include semi intensive (orchards) and intensive (greenhouse) systems.


Victoria’s vegetable industries are also diverse in terms of products and location.

In 2012-13, there were 813 businesses in Victoria producing vegetables for human consumption, including potatoes, onions, lettuce, capsicum, carrot and mushroom and a range of other vegetables.

Vegetable production occurs in many parts of Victoria with significant focus around the Melbourne area and also in East and West Gippsland, Mallee and Goulburn Broken regions. Where vegetables are grown depends primarily on environmental and climatic conditions, and the limitations of each crop. In recent decades, production of some crops has moved into new areas, as growers respond to increasing competition for land and water.

Productions systems include semi intensive (crops grown in fields) and intensive (greenhouse) systems.


Victoria’s grain industries include wheat, barley, canola and pulses (lentils, chickpeas, faba beans, field peas, broad beans and lupins).

In 2012-13, the gross value of Victoria’s grain production was $2.31 billion. A significant portion of grain production is exported.

Grain is grown on approximately 5,500 farms in Victoria. Around 3,000 are grain ‘specialists’ and 2,500 growers produce grain as part of a mixed farming enterprise.

Victoria’s grain growing areas are mainly located in western and northern Victoria, predominantly in the Mallee and Wimmera regions.

Productions systems are almost exclusively broad acre.


Victoria's grape growing industry supplies three distinct markets – wine, dried and table (i.e. 'ready to eat' fruit).

In 2012-13, there were over 2,000 grape growing businesses operating in Victoria, producing almost half a billion tonnes of grapes. Over 80 per cent of production is to supply the wine industry. Wine grape production in Victoria had a gross value of $149 million in 2012-13, while table and dried grape production had a combined gross value of $174 million.

The grape growing regions of Victoria are the Central, North East, North West, Western Victoria, Port Phillip and Gippsland. Victoria's wine grape production occurs mainly in north-west Victoria, with production also occurring in the north-east, Port Phillip and Western Port regions.

Planning considerations for horticulture structures Practice note 18 Property Identification Code Horticulture in Victoria
Establishing a successful small horticulture enterprise  

Poppy Trial Site in South West Victoria


Next Steps

For assistance with navigating the Victorian planning process for agriculture please email us or contact your local Regional Business Centre

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Regional Development Victoria’s Regional Investment and Trade Specialists, focused on food and fibre industries, are located in and service each region.

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© Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources, State Government of Victoria

Last Updated: 29 April 2016